T1 Form Services
Pay your tax in the right country

T1 Form Services


Pay your tax in the right country using a T1 customs document

Exporting your goods to the EU from the UK can require an additional step during the customs clearance process, depending on where your destination is. This is because you must clear your goods in the buyer’s country, not at the first border during transit.

Remain compliant by using a T1 transit form to transfer your goods through multiple EU countries, paying taxes in the destination country only. By suspending the duty and VAT with a T1 form, your goods can be moved under bond past the first EU border, such as France or The Netherlands, until they arrive in the country of consignment.

You can benefit from an end-to-end customs service with KDR. We provide UK and EU customs clearance, along with T1 form services.

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When do you need to use a T1 form?

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When your goods transit through the EU but aren’t clearing there

You need a T1 form when your goods are moving through the EU but aren’t destined for a member of the European Union. For example, a movement from Ukraine to the United Kingdom.

The process will be closed off at the border when the goods exit the EU.


When your goods transit through another EU country before the destination

If your goods are passing through other EU countries, then you need a T1 to process the customs clearance on entry to the European Union. For example, a movement from the UK to Germany, arriving through France.

The procedure will be closed off in the country of consignment during customs clearance.


When goods enter the EU for storage in a customs-controlled area

Moving your goods to an EU bonded warehouse requires a T1 transit form so that they can enter the EU without duty and VAT being paid. For example, a movement from the UK to a bonded warehouse in Belgium.

The process will be completed by the supervising office for the customs-controlled area.


The T1 transit document process

A T1 transit document needs to be raised before your goods leave the exporting country. If you don’t generate a T1 before the goods leave the county, you will be unable to suspend the duty and VAT during transit. This is because the shipment is guaranteed by your agent so that, in the event of non-completion of the T1, customs can hold a party liable for taxes.

Because of the suspension of duty and VAT, your agent must have special authorisation from customs to raise a community transit document. T1 form services cannot be provided by every broker.

To raise a T1, you need to send your commercial docs to the agent for them to make the declaration to customs that the goods will be leaving the country for transit under bond. These are the same documents that you send for export customs clearance.

Once the declaration for a T1 has been submitted and accepted, you will be given a reference to give to a local customs authority at the export border. They will provide you with the T1 form, which must be carried throughout the transit.

On arrival at the first EU border, the T1 form will allow your goods to move inland without entering free circulation. The vehicle will then proceed to the destination.

A T1 transit form is closed off on arrival at the destination. This is where customs clearance is processed, the taxes are paid and customs authorities write the T1 movement off as completed. In the event that the destination is an EU bonded warehouse, the supervising office will complete the T1.

For help with T1 transit forms, end-to-end customs clearance or EU bonded warehousing, contact KDR for more information.

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What happens if a T1 form isn’t completed?

If your T1 transit form is not completed within a suitable timeframe, the Central Community Transit Office (CCTO) will contact your customs broker for confirmation of clearance or an update on the transit. Following this request, your agent has a month to provide evidence that the goods have been cleared.

A month after a request for information has been given, the CCTO will issue a “Right to be heard” notice. This informs your broker that they have another month to provide evidence that the T1 transit form has been closed off correctly.

Your customs broker has guaranteed the goods so taxes will be demanded from them if evidence of clearance cannot be provided by the end of the “Right to be heard” period.

The Duty and VAT will be passed on to you so it is important to get a European transport company that understands the T1 process. This prevents you from paying taxes twice or saves you the hassle of a reclaim once the clearance documents are received.

KDR European provide an all-in-one customs and delivery service. Contact us for a quote today.

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    T1 form FAQs

    A T1 form is raised by a customs broker who has a guarantee with the authorities. This guarantee is required because the goods are moving under bond, with the broker liable for the duty and VAT if the goods are not customs cleared within a suitable time frame.

    The T1 transit document is generated at the same time as the export customs clearance but won’t be issued until the vehicle is presented at the exiting border. On arrival to the destination, customs clearance will be completed and the T1 movement will be closed.

    KDR European provide European transport, customs clearance and T1 form services. Contact us for more information.

    A T1 customs form is a transit document that allows a shipment to move within the EU without being entered into free circulation. This means that the taxes have not yet been paid on the goods so they are not commercially available.

    Contrary to bonded warehousing, where goods can be stored in a customs territory until the duty and VAT have been paid, a T1 requires another clearance to be completed within a few weeks. If the goods are being transported to a bonded warehouse, then the T1 process will be completed once they are entered into the warehouse’s bond.

    KDR European provide European transport, customs clearance, EU bonded warehousing and T1 transit documents. Contact us for an all-in-one service today.

    T1 transit documents are provided by customs brokers that have a guarantee. Without special permission and a guarantee, a customs broker is unable to raise a T1 as they cannot accept responsibility for the duty and VAT if the movement is not closed.

    Whilst the goods are in transit, a T1 document allows the shipment to move through the EU without taxes being paid. However, this only lasts for a few weeks. After this, customs authorities will ask the customs broker for proof that the T1 has been closed before demanding the taxes that are owed.

    For this reason, it is important that you consider your European transport partner when using T1s as they will need to close the movement.

    KDR European provide customs clearance, EU bonded warehousing, European transport and T1 transit documents. Contact us for an all-in-one service today.

    A T1 form is a transit document that declares goods are moving under bond in the EU until they reach their destination. This is to ensure that taxes are paid in the right country, instead of the first EU country that the goods go through.

    For example, a shipment from the UK to Germany will pass through France or The Netherlands first. Instead of declaring the goods as an import to France or The Netherlands and paying their tax rates, a T1 form allows the movement to get to Germany before being declared.

    KDR European provide T1 forms, UK and EU customs clearance and European transport. Contact us for more information.

    A T1 document is used by countries outside of the European Union and is for moving goods through the EU under bond until they reach their end destination.

    A T2 document is for goods in free circulation within the EU that are destined for a country outside of the EU.

    A T2L is for EU goods that are moving to another country within the European Union but need to pass through a non-community country to get there. For example, goods moving from France through the UK to get to the Republic of Ireland.

    KDR European provide European transport, customs clearance and T1 form services. Contact us for more information.